CERVICAL CANCER

WHAT IS IT?

Cervical cancer occurs when HPV lingers and is not cleared by the immune system, allowing it to convert cells of the cervix into cancerous cells.​

  • Cervical cancer is caused by uncontrolled cell growth at the base of the uterus

  • More than 90% of cases are caused by HPV types 16 and 18

  • HPV leads to lesions on the skin from infection which can cause cancerous or noncancerous cell division

  • Cervical cancer can take 10+ years to develop​

  • Women aged 30-49 are the most likely to be diagnosed​

Woman Stretching

WHEN TO SEE YOUR DOCTOR

BLEEDING

Between periods, after intercourse or menopause

PAIN

After intercourse, or latent pain in pelvis/back

WEIGHT LOSS

Excessive or extreme weight loss 

UNUSUAL

Fatigue, dizziness, vaginal discharge, anemia

WHAT PUTS US AT RISK?

  • High number of sexual partners​

    • This likely exposes you to more types of HPV increasing your risk of encountering cancerous types ​

  • Smoking​

  • Alcoholism

  • Coinfection of HPV with STDs

  • Age at first pregnancyThe younger a woman is at motherhood the higher the risk ​

  • Number of birthsThe greater number of children a woman has the more likely she is to ​develop cervical cancer

  • Poverty​​More than 85% of cervical cancer deaths occur in low/middle income countries​

  • Women born before 1971 whose mothers took synthetic estrogen, Diethylstilboestrol (DES), while pregnant 

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